The Republic of Moldova, between the East and the West

the republic of moldova, between the east and the west Romania, the Republic of Moldova and the Romanian communities in the Diaspora are celebrating 101 years since the union of Bessarabia with the motherland

On March 27, towards the end of WWI, against the dismantling of the Tsarist Empire, the country's Advisory Council, Bessarabia's legislative body, voted in favour of the union of this predominately Romanian-speaking province with the mother-land. It was the first act in the setting up of the Romanian national state, a process which, at the end of the same year, would end by the provinces of Bukovina, Transylvania, Banat, Maramures and Crisana falling under the authority of Bucharest, under the rule of the Hapsburg Empire. Far from being euphoric, the ceremonies devoted to Bessarabia are rather evocative and not devoid of sadness. 


The union lasted only 22 years. In the summer of 1940, following an ultimatum, Stalin's Moscow annexed both Bessarabia and the north of Bukovina, territories that currently belong to the former Soviet republic of Moldova and Ukraine. Back then, hundreds of thousands of Bessarabians took refuge in the downsized Romania, other dozens of thousands were deported to Siberia and Kazakhstan, and instead the occupiers brought colonists recruited from all the corners of the Empire. 


Independent as of 1991, 'today's republic is not the Bessarabia of 1918, neither in terms of ethnic configuration, nor in terms of territories and frontiers. The Republic of Moldova is much more divided from a political, administrative, ethnic, linguistic and religious point of view than Bessarabia was back in 1918" according to the Moldovan Ambassador to Bucharest, Mihai Gribincea. He has warned that the gravest consequence of half a century of occupation is that, although the Republic of Moldova has left the Soviet Union, in terms of mentalities, the Soviet Union has not left the Republic of Moldova. Forced to cohabitate, the pro-West PM Pavel Filip, who defined the two countries as 'twin hearts', and the pro-Russia socialist president Igor Dodon, who travels to Moscow more often that it does to the provinces, are representative for the political, geo-political and moral rift in the Bessarabian society. 


Last month's parliamentary elections did not reveal a clear winner, capable of creating a new majority. On the contrary, they certified the same fragmentation between the president, the Government and the pro-European right wing. In the past years, in both capitals, dozens of thousands of people have participated, under the slogan "Bessarabia is Romania", in the so-called unionist marches. They have been animated by the conviction that to the Republic of Moldova, governed by a deeply corrupt political class, rendered fragile by the pro-Russia separatism in Transdniestr and which all rankings indicate as the poorest country in Europe, the only solution would be the union with Romania, an EU and NATO member state, with a functional rule of law and where the GDP per capita, according to experts, is 20 times bigger. 



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Publicat: 2019-03-27 13:09:00
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