RRI Live!

Listen to Radio Romania International Live

The 100th anniversary of Rapid Bucharest

One of Romania's most popular football clubs turns 100.

The 100th anniversary of Rapid Bucharest
The 100th anniversary of Rapid Bucharest

, 04.09.2023, 13:00

Rapid Bucharest is the oldest Romanian football First League club. Founded 100 years ago, in 1923, this is an immensely popular club in Romania, for a number of reasons: it is considered a workers club, it brought together fans of other clubs dismantled after 1945 by the newly instated communist regime, and was persecuted during Nicolae Ceaușescus regime, between 1965 and 1989. Rapid Bucharest won three national titles, 13 Romanian Cup titles and 4 Romanian Supercup titles; internationally, the clubs biggest achievements are a UEFA Cup quarter-final in the 2005-2006 season and two Balkan Cup titles.



In June 1923, the workers of the Atelierele Grivița factory eventually managed to convince the management of the Romanian Railways to fund a football team. According to the historian Pompiliu Constantin, the author of a book about the history of the club entitled “Rapid and rapidism” (Rapid și rapidismul), the club has in fact two birth dates: 11th and 25th June 1923. Supported by railway workers and the Giulești area of Bucharest, CFR Bucharest became by the mid-1930s a serious competitor for the strong teams Venus Bucharest and Ripensia Timișoara. Thats also when the club changed its name to Rapid Bucharest and its colours from purple to white and cherry red. The matches were played on ONEF stadium, later the Republic, and from 1936, on their own stadium, Giulești. In 1944, following political pressure from the communist party, Rapid went back to its original name as CFR, and later changed it to Locomotiva. It wasnt until 1958 that it went back to Rapid.



The club was popular for many years, being loved by many different generations of fans. Historian Pompiliu Constantin explains the reasons for this enduring popularity:



“In essence, this happened in the latter part of the 1930s, but especially after the dismantling of the inter-war clubs of Carmen, Macabi and Venus. Many of these clubs fans went to Rapid in the 1940s and 50s because it was one of the few clubs this surviving from the inter-war period. I even found articles about the estimated number of Rapid fans and it was clear it was the most popular club in the 1950s. It hadnt been the most popular in the inter-war years, Venus and Ripensia were more popular. The 1950s press estimated the number of Rapid fans at 1 million.”



After 1945 and the installation of the communist regime, Rapid became one of the regimes favourites. Pompiliu Constantin explains:



“It was undoubtedly one of the favourites. Thats because the regime needed to promote the image of the team as one of workers who were also good athletes. From the documents Ive studied, Dej did not intervene, but Gheorghe Apostol, who was much more of a fan, tried to help the club in the 1950s when Rapid were demoted for the first time. Apostol, who was the leader of the workers in Romania at the time, sent a letter asking the Union for Physical Education and Sport, the leaders of Romanian sport, to agree that Rapid stay in the first league because they were the most popular team. His request was naturally rejected and Rapid were demoted to the second league, before joining the first league again.”


History Show
The History Show Monday, 08 July 2024

From the history of the women’s press in Romania

Individual rights and freedoms, enunciated since the 18th century, focused on the promotion of equality, beyond any criteria of religion, race,...

From the history of the women’s press in Romania
Радио NOREA
The History Show Monday, 17 June 2024

Restored Romanian monuments in Bessarabia

  On March 27, 1918, Bessarabia, stretching between rivers Prut and Dniester, united with Romania after it had been annexed by Russia in 1812...

Restored Romanian monuments in Bessarabia
History Show
The History Show Monday, 10 June 2024

Romania’s relations with the Vatican

The Romanian space, today inhabited by a mostly Christian-Orthodox population, was one of spiritual and religious confluence. The multi-confessional...

Romania’s relations with the Vatican
banner-Pro-Memoria.-960x540-1.jpg
The History Show Monday, 03 June 2024

Plan Z

Occupied after 1945 and having communist party regimes imposed on them, the countries in Central and Eastern Europe practically had no national...

Plan Z
The History Show Monday, 27 May 2024

Desertions in the Romanian Army in WWI

In a state of war, conscripted into a strict institutional form like the army, the military man is under great pressure. It’s about being alive...

Desertions in the Romanian Army in WWI
The History Show Monday, 20 May 2024

Radio NOREA

Between 1945 and 1990, a number of international radio stations used to broadcast in Romanian. These were mainly stations from Western Europe and...

Radio NOREA
The History Show Monday, 13 May 2024

Radio drama for children

A priority mission of the Radio was to educate and bring culture to everyone. Children are a generous audience and shows for them have always been...

Radio drama for children
The History Show Monday, 06 May 2024

The Romanian Institute of Technical Documentation  

  Institutional history is not always as interesting as the biography of a personality, or as the story of a breakthrough that changed...

The Romanian Institute of Technical Documentation  

Partners

Muzeul Național al Țăranului Român Muzeul Național al Țăranului Român
Liga Studentilor Romani din Strainatate - LSRS Liga Studentilor Romani din Strainatate - LSRS
Modernism | The Leading Romanian Art Magazine Online Modernism | The Leading Romanian Art Magazine Online
Institului European din România Institului European din România
Institutul Francez din România – Bucureşti Institutul Francez din România – Bucureşti
Muzeul Național de Artă al României Muzeul Național de Artă al României
Le petit Journal Le petit Journal
Radio Prague International Radio Prague International
Muzeul Național de Istorie a României Muzeul Național de Istorie a României
ARCUB ARCUB
Radio Canada International Radio Canada International
Muzeul Național al Satului „Dimitrie Gusti” Muzeul Național al Satului „Dimitrie Gusti”
SWI swissinfo.ch SWI swissinfo.ch
UBB Radio ONLINE UBB Radio ONLINE
Strona główna - English Section - polskieradio.pl Strona główna - English Section - polskieradio.pl
creart - Centrul de Creație Artă și Tradiție al Municipiului Bucuresti creart - Centrul de Creație Artă și Tradiție al Municipiului Bucuresti
italradio italradio
Institutul Confucius Institutul Confucius
BUCPRESS - știri din Cernăuți BUCPRESS - știri din Cernăuți

Affiliates

Euranet Plus Euranet Plus
AIB | the trade association for international broadcasters AIB | the trade association for international broadcasters
Digital Radio Mondiale Digital Radio Mondiale
News and current affairs from Germany and around the world News and current affairs from Germany and around the world
Comunità radiotelevisiva italofona Comunità radiotelevisiva italofona

Providers

RADIOCOM RADIOCOM
Zeno Media - The Everything Audio Company Zeno Media - The Everything Audio Company